We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. This includes personalizing content and advertising. To learn more, click here. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies. Cookie Policy.

Features Partner Sites Information LinkXpress
Sign In
Advertise with Us
LGC Clinical Diagnostics

BIO-RAD LABORATORIES

Provides full range of instrumentation, reagent kits, software and quality control systems to clinical laboratories. ... read more Featured Products: More products

Download Mobile App




Breath-Based Biomarkers Identified for Tuberculosis Diagnosis

By LabMedica International staff writers
Posted on 19 Dec 2022
Print article
Image: The R-Tube is designed for ease of use and this non-invasive handheld device is fully self-contained and disposable (Photo courtesy of Respiratory Research)
Image: The R-Tube is designed for ease of use and this non-invasive handheld device is fully self-contained and disposable (Photo courtesy of Respiratory Research)

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the top ten causes of death worldwide and is the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. About a quarter of the world’s population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), and thus at risk of developing TB.

Most conventional diagnostic tests rely on sputum samples, which can be difficult to obtain and have low diagnostic sensitivity in children, HIV-infected individuals and patients with extrapulmonary TB. Therefore, the ideal diagnostic would not rely on sputum samples, and can also detect non-pulmonary TB.

Medical Scientists at the University of Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier (Toulouse, France) and their numerous colleagues included in a study eight patients between 27 and 62 years old, diagnosed with pulmonary TB by direct Ziehl-Neelsen staining and culture of sputum; 21 patients with at least three sputum samples negative for Ziehl-Neelsen staining; children (aged 6–12) were separated into two groups based on the detection or not of mycobacteria; 15 adults (aged 18–61) who presented with community-acquired pneumonia and 15 healthy adult individuals. With the goal of developing a non-sputum-based TB diagnostic, the team examined whether pulmonary TB could be detected in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) samples.

The EBCs were collected using R-tubes (Respiratory Research, Inc, Austin, TX, USA). EBCs were lyophilized and adjusted to a volume of 250 µL of LPS-free water. EBCs were spotted using the Bio-Dot SF blotting apparatus (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA, USA) and used for Dot-blot immunoassays. The scientists then performed monosaccharide analysis and quantification by capillary electrophoresis monitored by laser-induced fluorescence (CE-LIF). MALDI-TOF analyses were performed on an AB Sciex TOF/TOF 5800 mass spectrometer using the reflectron mode (Framingham, MA, USA).

The investigators reported that that the presence of M. tuberculosis-specific lipids, lipoarabinomannan lipoglycan, and proteins in EBCs can efficiently differentiate baseline TB patients from controls. They used EBCs to track the longitudinal effects of antibiotic treatment in pediatric TB patients. In addition, M. tuberculosis lipoarabinomannan and lipids were structurally distinct in EBCs compared to ex vivo cultured bacteria, revealing specific metabolic and biochemical states of M. tuberculosis in the human lung.

The authors concluded that sampling exhaled air is non-invasive and appears to be a powerful approach that overcomes the limitations in existing assays. An EBC-based approach therefore has potentially broad application for following other pulmonary infectious agents. The study was published on December 14, 2022 in the journal Nature Communications.

Related Links:
University of Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier
Respiratory Research
Bio-Rad
AB Sciex

New
Platinum Member
Flu SARS-CoV-2 Combo Test
OSOM® Flu SARS-CoV-2 Combo Test
Magnetic Bead Separation Modules
MAG and HEATMAG
POCT Fluorescent Immunoassay Analyzer
FIA Go
Gold Member
ADAMTS-13 Protease Activity Test
ATS-13 Activity Assay

Print article

Channels

Clinical Chemistry

view channel
Image: The new ADLM guidance will help healthcare professionals navigate respiratory virus testing in a post-COVID world (Photo courtesy of 123RF)

New ADLM Guidance Provides Expert Recommendations on Clinical Testing For Respiratory Viral Infections

Respiratory tract infections, predominantly caused by viral pathogens, are a common reason for healthcare visits. Accurate and swift diagnosis of these infections is essential for optimal patient management.... Read more

Molecular Diagnostics

view channel
Image: The new tests seek to detect mutant DNA in blood samples, indicating the presence of cancer cells (Photo courtesy of Christian Stolte/Weill Cornell)

Advanced Liquid Biopsy Technology Detects Cancer Earlier Than Conventional Methods

Liquid biopsy technology has yet to fully deliver on its significant potential. Traditional methods have focused on a narrow range of cancer-associated mutations that are often present in such low quantities... Read more

Hematology

view channel
Image: The CAPILLARYS 3 DBS devices have received U.S. FDA 510(k) clearance (Photo courtesy of Sebia)

Next Generation Instrument Screens for Hemoglobin Disorders in Newborns

Hemoglobinopathies, the most widespread inherited conditions globally, affect about 7% of the population as carriers, with 2.7% of newborns being born with these conditions. The spectrum of clinical manifestations... Read more

Industry

view channel
Image: For 46 years, Roche and Hitachi have collaborated to deliver innovative diagnostic solutions (Photo courtesy of Roche)

Roche and Hitachi High-Tech Extend 46-Year Partnership for Breakthroughs in Diagnostic Testing

Roche (Basel, Switzerland) and Hitachi High-Tech (Tokyo, Japan) have renewed their collaboration agreement, committing to a further 10 years of partnership. This extension brings together their long-standing... Read more
Copyright © 2000-2024 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.