We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. This includes personalizing content and advertising. To learn more, click here. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies. Cookie Policy.

Features Partner Sites Information LinkXpress
Sign In
Advertise with Us
RANDOX LABORATORIES

Abbott Diagnostics

  Gold Abbott Diagnostics provides medical diagnostic instruments, tests, automation and informatics solutions, including cl... read more Featured Products: More products

Download Mobile App




Events

ATTENTION: Due to the COVID-19 PANDEMIC, many events are being rescheduled for a later date, converted into virtual venues, or altogether cancelled. Please check with the event organizer or website prior to planning for any forthcoming event.

Combining RDTs Determines Dengue Immune Status

By LabMedica International staff writers
Posted on 18 May 2022
Print article
Image: The Panbio Dengue IgM Capture ELISA is used to detect IgM antibodies to dengue antigen in serum as an aid to clinical laboratory diagnosis of patients with clinical symptoms consistent with dengue fever (Photo courtesy of Abbott)
Image: The Panbio Dengue IgM Capture ELISA is used to detect IgM antibodies to dengue antigen in serum as an aid to clinical laboratory diagnosis of patients with clinical symptoms consistent with dengue fever (Photo courtesy of Abbott)

Dengue is an emerging arboviral infectious disease (DENV), transmitted through the bite of an Aedes mosquito that burdens much of the urbanized tropical and subtropical world. Current dengue diagnostics are primarily concerned with capturing active infections, thus no such method exists for determining primary or post-primary DENV infections, at the point of care.

By assaying for changes in both DENV IgM and IgG antibodies, a rise in IgM titers coupled with high and low convalescent IgM: IgG ratios indicate active primary and secondary infections, respectively. Scientists have investigated how combining different rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) can be used to accurately determine the primary and post-primary DENV immune status of reporting patients during diagnosis.

A team of scientist specializing in tropical medicine and led by those at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (London, UK) collected serum from cross-sectional surveys of acute suspected dengue patients in Indonesia (N:200) and Vietnam (N: 1,217) and were assayed using dengue laboratory assays and RDTs. The team used logistic regression modeling, and determined the probability of being DENV NS1, IgM and IgG RDT positive according to corresponding laboratory viremia, IgM and IgG ELISA metrics.

Samples were assayed for the presence of DENV1-4 viremia using the CDC fourplex, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test. The presence of DENV IgM and IgG antibodies was performed using Panbio capture ELISAs (Abbott, East Princeton, NJ, USA). Assays detect IgM/G antibodies specific to all serotypes and provide plate-calibrated titer outputs termed ‘panbio units’. Another RDTs used in the study were DENV NS1 RDT (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA ,USA). Among samples from Indonesia, patient serum samples were tested for DENV NS1 using both Abbott’s NS1 capture ELISAs) and NS1 RDTs (SD Biosensor, Yeongtong-gu, Republic of Korea).

The investigators reported that combining NS1, IgM and IgG RDTs captured 94.6% (52/55) and 95.4% (104/109) of laboratory-confirmed primary and post-primary DENV cases, respectively, during the first 5 days of fever. Laboratory test predicted, and actual, RDT outcomes had high agreement (79.5% (159/200)). Among patients from the Philippines, different combinations of estimated RDT outcomes were indicative of post-primary and primary immune status. Overall, IgG RDT positive results were confirmatory of post-primary infections. In contrast, IgG RDT negative results were suggestive of both primary and post-primary infections on days 1–2 of fever, yet were confirmatory of primary infections on days 3–5 of fever.

The authors concluded that they had described methods for estimating the primary and post-primary immune status of dengue patients at the point of care, using a combination of simple-to-use rapid diagnostic tests. Using all three NS1, IgM and IgG RDTs, they demonstrated how at certain stages of infection health care workers and surveillance operations could confidently determine types of dengue infections. The study was published on May 4, 2022 in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Related Links:
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine 
Abbott
Bio-Rad 
SD Biosensor 

New
Platinum Supplier
Respiratory Virus Multiplex Test
Respiratory Virus 12 Types Nucleic Acid Detection Kit
New
Rapid Procalcitonin (PCT) Test
AQT90 FLEX PCT Assay
New
Real-Time Fluorescent Quantitative PCR System
AccuRa-32
New
Portable Molecular Workstation
iPonatic III

Print article
IIR Middle East

Channels

Technology

view channel
Image: OneDraw Blood Collection Device significantly reduces obstacles for drawing blood (Photo courtesy of Drawbridge Health)

Near Pain-Free Blood Collection Technology Enables High-Quality Testing

Blood tests help doctors diagnose diseases and conditions such as cancer, diabetes, anemia, and coronary heart disease, as well as evaluate organ functionality. They can also be used to identify disease... Read more

Industry

view channel
Image: The global infectious disease IVD market is expected to hit USD 57 billion by 2030 (Photo courtesy of Pexels)

Global Infectious Disease IVD Market Dominated by Molecular Diagnostics Technology

The global infectious disease in vitro diagnostics (IVD) market stood at USD 113.7 billion in 2021 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of -7.41% from 2022 to 2030 to hit around USD 56.89 billion by 2030,... Read more
Copyright © 2000-2022 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.