We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. This includes personalizing content and advertising. To learn more, click here. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies. Cookie Policy.

Features Partner Sites Information LinkXpress
Sign In
Advertise with Us
Abbott Diagnostics

Download Mobile App




Events

03 Feb 2020 - 06 Feb 2020
01 Mar 2020 - 05 Mar 2020
05 Mar 2020 - 07 Mar 2020

Pulmonary Embolism Diagnosed by Improved Interpretation of Blood Tests

By Labmedica International staff writers
Posted on 10 Dec 2019
Print article
Image: Diazyme`s D-Dimer Assay is a highly sensitive liquid stable latex enhanced immunoturbidimetric test kit, designed to work on most open clinical chemistry analyzers to provide rapid results with reduced reagent cost (Photo courtesy of Diazyme Laboratories)
Image: Diazyme`s D-Dimer Assay is a highly sensitive liquid stable latex enhanced immunoturbidimetric test kit, designed to work on most open clinical chemistry analyzers to provide rapid results with reduced reagent cost (Photo courtesy of Diazyme Laboratories)
Pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a major blood vessel (artery) in the lung, usually by a blood clot. In most cases, the clots are small and are not deadly, but they can damage the lung and if the clot is large and stops blood flow to the lung, it can be deadly.

D-dimer is a fibrin degradation product (or FDP), a small protein fragment present in the blood after a blood clot is degraded by fibrinolysis. It is so named because it contains two D fragments of the fibrin protein joined by a cross-link. A new way to interpret blood test results in patients who are investigated for blood clots in their lungs, and this new approach applies to D-dimer blood tests, which are used by physicians to rule out the presence of a blood clot.

Scientists working with the Hamilton Health Sciences (Hamilton, ON, Canada) enrolled a total of 2,017 patients aged 18 and older who were evaluated in a study, of which 7% had pulmonary embolism on initial diagnostic testing. The average age of the patients was 52 years, and 66% were female. Of the patients in the study, 1,474 (73%) were enrolled at Hamilton Health Sciences or St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton. These patients, and those at other university-based clinical centers in Canada, were tested from December 2015 through May 2018 and assessed 90 days later.

The team reported that of the 1,325 patients identified by an emergency department physician as having a low (1,285 of the patients) or a moderate (40 patients) probability of having a pulmonary embolism and who had negative D-dimer results (that is, less than 1,000 or 500 ng/mL, respectively), none had venous thromboembolism during follow-up.

Clive Kearon, MB, MRCPI, FRCPC, PhD, a professor of medicine, and a senior author of the study, said, “The primary goal of diagnostic testing for pulmonary embolism is to identify which patients should be treated with anticoagulant agents and which should not. When a physician is concerned that pulmonary embolism may be present, chest imaging with CT pulmonary angiography is usually done in half of these patients. We wanted to find a way to reduce the number of CT scans that need to be done. Our analyses show that pulmonary embolism is ruled out by a D-dimer level of less than 1,000 ng/mL in patients with a low probability, and by a D-dimer level of less than 500 ng/mL in patients with a moderate probability. This way of using D-dimer testing and clinical assessment reduced the need for CT scanning by one-third.” The study was published on the November 28, 2019 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Related Links:
Hamilton Health Sciences


Print article

Channels

Industry News

view channel
Image: BioProfile FLEX2 On-Line Autosampler (Photo courtesy of Nova Biomedical)

Nova Biomedical Launches New BioProfile FLEX2 On-Line Autosampler

Nova Biomedical (Waltham, MA, USA) has launched the BioProfile FLEX2 On-Line Autosampler (OLS), a modular system that connects as many as 10 bioreactors to one FLEX2 analyzer for up to three weeks of walkaway,... Read more
Copyright © 2000-2020 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.