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Clinical Chemistry

Image: Researchers note there is a need for practical and accessible tools to help doctors diagnose the early stages of cachexia (Photo courtesy of MNT).

Routine Lab Tests May Help Diagnose Cachexia in Cancer Patients

Researchers are developing a 5-point diagnostic tool for cachexia – an involuntary weight loss, characterized primarily by muscle wasting and metabolic changes, often associated with cancer and many chronic diseases. More...
07 Dec 2016
Image: A diagram of Type1 diabetes as an autoimmune disease (Photo courtesy of the US National Institutes of Health).

Peptide Serum Markers Predict Type 1 Diabetes

Certain proteins in the blood of children can predict incipient type 1 diabetes, even before the first symptoms appear. Children who have a first-degree relative with type 1 diabetes and who consequently have an increased risk of developing the disease due to the familial predisposition. More...
01 Dec 2016
Image: A typical glucometer showing a blood glucose indicating severe hypoglycemia (Photo courtesy of the UCSF).

Hypoglycemia in Hospitalized Patients Linked to Increased Mortality Risk

Spontaneous and insulin-related hypoglycemia is common among hospitalized patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). The definition of hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients is poorly defined and thus the true prevalence of hypoglycemia during hospitalization is variable. More...
30 Nov 2016
Image: The saliva test uses the dipstick technique to diagnose kidney diseases (Photo courtesy of Shutterstock).

Simple Saliva Test May Help Diagnose Kidney Disease

A preliminary study suggests that a dipstick test for salivary urea nitrogen could be accurate for diagnosing kidney disease and may help predict patients' risk of early death. The test would be especially helpful in developing countries where simple and inexpensive tools for diagnosing kidney disease are most needed. More...
29 Nov 2016
Image: A portable and compact breathalyzer device for measuring acetone in breath samples to diagnose diabetes (Photo courtesy of University of Oxford).

Portable Breath Device Could Help Diagnose Diabetes

A new, portable breath analyzer has been developed that could someday help medical practitioners diagnose diabetes noninvasively without painful pinpricks, needles or other unpleasant methods. More...
25 Nov 2016
Image: Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry instrumentation (Photo courtesy of Western University).

Blood Test Developed to Diagnose Concussion

Diagnosis of a clinically significant concussion, or a mild traumatic brain injury, can be difficult as it currently relies on a combination of patient symptom assessment and clinician judgment. More...
25 Nov 2016
Image: A histopathology of acute pancreatitis showing hemorrhage, parenchymal necrosis, and fat necrosis (Photo courtesy of Kathryn Lindsey, MD).

Mild-to-Moderate Hypertriglyceridemia Leads to Acute Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is very painful and it may lead to fatalities and until now, medical science has connected the risk of developing this illness to gallstone, a high intake of alcohol and very high concentrations of blood fats or triglycerides. More...
23 Nov 2016


The Clinical Chemistry channel updates the reader on tests, techniques, and research in the field - from routine assays to specialized tests on blood, urine, enzymes, lipids, hormones and more.
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