Features | Partner Sites | Information | LinkXpress
Sign In
RANDOX LABORATORIES
GLOBETECH PUBLISHING LLC
FOCUS DIAGNOSTICS, INC.

Recombinant Immunoassay Diagnoses Human Fascioliasis

By Labmedica International staff writers
Posted on 03 Oct 2013
Image: Adult of Fasciola hepatica stained with carmine (Photo courtesy of US Centers for Disease Control).
Image: Adult of Fasciola hepatica stained with carmine (Photo courtesy of US Centers for Disease Control).
The current diagnosis of human fascioliasis involves the detection of eggs in the stool, however, eggs are not observed during the acute phase when the parasite is migrating through the tissues.

A human immune response to Fasciola antigens occurs early in infection, therefore, an immunological method such as an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) may be a more reliable, easy and cheap means to diagnose human fascioliasis than coprological analysis.

Scientists from McGill University (Montreal, QC, Canada) collected serum samples from 93 Cuban individuals that were coprologically positive for eggs of F. hepatica and clinically diagnosed in the hospital. Samples were also collected from 72 Cuban and 63 Canadian individuals that were shown to be negative for Fasciola infection, and 158 serum samples obtained from individuals infected with other parasitic diseases. The ELISA test was optimized using a recombinant form of the major F. hepatica cathepsin L1 protease antigen (FhCL1).

The ELISA test using anti-total immunoglobulin G (IgG) secondary antibody gave 99.99% specificity and also exhibited 99.99% sensitivity for identifying infected individuals. The results showed that absorbance readings obtained with sera from patients infected with parasites other than F. hepatica closely matched that obtained with the negative control samples. The investigators found that using 0.55 optical density (OD) units as cut-off with anti-total IgG as secondary antibody, the test can discriminate between F. hepatica patients and all other infections examined.

The authors concluded that their standardized ELISA test using a highly stable recombinant form of cathepsin L1, FhCL1, exhibits high sensitivity and specificity and with no cross-reaction with other parasitic diseases. High production of this enzyme can be obtained by purification of Pichia pastoris culture medium, which provides sufficient quantities of material to supply diagnostic centers for mass screening in regions where human fascioliasis is prevalent. The study was published on September 19, 2013, in the journal Public Library of Science Neglected Tropical Disease.

Related Links:

McGill University



KARL HECHT GMBH & CO KG
MEDLAB Asia
CELLAVISION AB
PERIPHERAL VISIONS INC

Channels

Clinical Chemistry

view channel
Image: UniCel DxC 800 Synchron Clinical Systems (Photo courtesy of Beckman Coulter).

Routine Blood Glucose Value Correlates with Diabetes Risk

Random glucose values obtained during routine blood tests are often overlooked, but could provide valuable insight into whether someone is at risk for having type 2 diabetes. Random Blood Glucose (RBG)... Read more

Genetic Tests

view channel
Image: Histopathology of tuberculoid leprosy in a skin section (Photo courtesy Dr. D.S. Ridley, Wellcome Images).

Genes Discovered Influence Risk of Developing Leprosy

Leprosy, a chronic dermatological and neurological disease, is caused by infection with Mycobacterium leprae, and its manifestation, progression and prognosis are strongly associated with the proficiency... Read more

Hematology

view channel
Image: Plastic bag containing 0.5 to 0.7 liters of packed red blood cells in citrate, phosphate, dextrose, and adenine (CPDA) solution (Photo courtesy of Fresenius HemoCare).

Transfusion Protocols Compared After Cardiac Surgery

Unnecessary blood transfusions may increase healthcare costs both directly, because blood is an increasingly scarce and expensive resource, and indirectly due to the complications associated with transfusion.... Read more

Industry News

view channel

Sequencing-Based Testing Sector Already Highly Competitive

As next-generation sequencing (NGS) reaches the clinical laboratory, a new analysis by Kalorama Information (New York, NY, USA) finds that small reference laboratories as well as over 50 companies now offer sequencing-based testing through their own CLIA-certified laboratories, some of which offer a wide range of tests.... Read more
 

Events

06 Apr 2015 - 08 Apr 2015
07 Apr 2015 - 09 Apr 2015
13 Apr 2015 - 16 Apr 2015
Copyright © 2000-2015 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.